The economic and social characteristics of the frontier worked against sectionalism. Turner did not publish extensively; his influence came from tersely expressed interpretive theories published in articleswhich influenced his hundreds of disciples.
The recent Populist agitation is a case in point. Governor Glenn, of South Carolina, writes in the middle of the eighteenth century: Individuals, forced to rely on their own wits and strength, he believed, were simply too scornful of rank to be amenable to the exercise of centralized political power.
Under the lead of Clay--"Harry of the West"--protective tariffs were passed, with the cry of bringing the factory to the farm. But in the case of the United States we have a different phenomenon.
According to Turner, the westward expansion had transformed the savage and wild land into a modern civilization. It is clear that the new land and communities in the wilderness demanded greater participation in political activities than in Europe and because of this ordinary people had to step in and contribute.
If one would understand why we are today one nation, rather than a collection of isolated states, he must study this economic and social consolidation of the country.
Moreover, these revisionist scholars argue, for many places the West has not been the land of freedom and opportunity that both Turnerian history and popular mythology would have us believe. Critics have argued that if the frontier is the edge of civilization, it cannot also be the western part of the USA at a stage of social evolution Degler, But never again will such gifts of free land offer themselves.
It is the energy which the mountain breeze and western habits impart to those emigrants. This proved to be an important educational influence, since it was almost the only way in which the pioneer learned what was going on in the East. But this does not justify Dr. As the person doing the PhD, you are too involved and therefore you have the worst judgement on what is good or bad - you must get external advice.
The end of the first quarter of the century saw the advance of the Scotch-lrish and the Palatine Germans up the Shenandoah Valley into the western part of Virginia, and along the Piedmont region of the Carolinas. Commenting in on reports that settlement was rapidly extending northward in Wisconsin, the editor of the Home Missionary writes: Other sections sent their missionaries; but the real struggle was between sects.
For example, the cost of starting a farm in West was high and few poor urban workers of the East could afford to get a second chance in the West. Since the days when the fleet of Columbus sailed into the waters of the New World, America has been another name for opportunity, and the people of the United States have taken their tone from the incessant expansion which has not only been open but has even been forced upon them.
Frederick Jackson Turner "The existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward explain American development. The legislation which most developed the powers of the national government, and played the largest part in its activity, was conditioned on the frontier.
If the frontier had been so essential to the development of American culture and democracy, then what would befall them as the frontier closed. The exploitation of the beasts took hunter and traderto the west, the exploitation of the grasses took the rancher west, and the exploitation of the virgin soil of the river valleys and prairies attracted the farmer.
All these ideas were contained in the essay, "The Significance of the Frontier in American History," which Turner presented as a lecture at the Columbian Exposition in It was the work ethic of the frontier, not of the South or East, Turner thought, that had contributed the most to the American character.
In the census reports it is treated as the margin of that settlement which has a density of two or more to the square mile.
Most migrant wagon trains, for example, were composed of extended kinship networks. At first, the frontier was the Atlantic coast the frontier of Europe in a very real sense.
The frontier has become an important part of American consciousness. Little by little he transforms the wilderness, but the outcome is not the old Europe, not simply the development of Germanic germs, any more than the first phenomenon was a case of reversion to the Germanic mark.
Successive generations moved further inland, shifting the lines of settlement and wilderness, but preserving the essential tension between the two.
This frontier stretched along the western border like a cord of union. They emphasized the values of individualism, empiricism, simplicity, equality, courage, discovery, independence, and naturalism in the service of democratic access, human rights, ecological balance, and the resolution of social, economic, and political issues.
Grund, writing indeclares: Stand at South Pass in the Rockies a century later and see the same procession with wider intervals between. It was on the western frontier you could trace the uniquely American character traits like, for example, individualism, opportunity and democracy.
Corporate investors headquartered in New York laid the railroads; government troops defeated Indian nations who refused to get out of the way of manifest destiny; even the cowboys, enshrined in popular mythology as rugged loners, were generally low-level employees of sometimes foreign-owned cattle corporations.
Start studying Western Frontier (Crash Course and Turner's Thesis). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.
The Turner Theses The central thesis about the frontier coined by Frederick Jackson Turner, commonly called the frontier thesis, has to do with the origins of the American national character. Frederick Jackson Turner’s Frontier Thesis Unlike Turner’s West, bravery and success coexist with oppression, greed, and failure (ghost towns, Indian Reservations, poor barrios, barren landscapes).
Still, Turner’s thesis held an almost canonical position among historians for much of the twentieth century and, more importantly, captured Americans’ enduring romanticization of the West and the simplification of a long and complicated story into a march of progress. The essence of Turner’s thesis In Turner’s mind, the settlement of the West by white people –“the existence of an area of free land, its continuous recession, and the advance of American settlement westward” was the most important part of American history.
. In his thesis, Turner argued that the West had to be taken seriously. He felt that up to his time there had not been enough research of what he in his essay call “the fundamental, dominating fact in the U.S.
history”: the territorial expansion from the Atlantic to the Pacific coast.Turners thesis of the west